These pages are about driving laws in the UK. If you are looking for information about driving laws in another country, please contact your local epilepsy organisation.
The driving agencies decide if people are allowed to drive. They are also responsible for issuing driving licences.
If you live in England, Scotland or Wales
You will need to deal with the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency, or DVLA.
If you live in Northern Ireland
You will need to deal with the Driver and Vehicle Agency, or DVA.
The terms ‘driving agency’ and ‘driving agencies’ are used in these web pages where the information applies to both DVLA and DVA. Where something applies only to DVLA or only to DVA, we make that clear.
Contact details for the driving agencies
Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency in England, Scotland and Wales (DVLA)
Address: Drivers Medical Group, DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1TU
Tel: 0300 790 6806 (English language); 0300 790 6819 (Welsh language); Fax: 0845 850 0095; use Welsh email service to contact DVLA in Welsh
Email through website
Driver and Vehicle Agency in Northern Ireland (DVA)
Address: Drivers Medical Section, DVA, Castlerock Road, Waterside, Coleraine, BT51 3TB
Tel: 0845 402 4000
There are two different sets of rules for holding a driving licence, depending on the type of vehicle you want to drive.
The table below shows which licence you need for different vehicles, and which set of rules you need to follow.
|Motorcycles and scooters||A+A1+A2||1|
|Cars, vehicles up to 3,500kg, vehicles with up to 8 passenger seats||B||1|
|Car plus large trailer||B+E||1|
|Vehicles between 3,500kg and 7,500kg||C1||2*|
|Vehicles over 7.5 tonnes||C||2|
|Vehicles with 9-16 passenger seats||D1||2*|
|Vehicles with over 16 passenger seats||D||2|
|Sit-on lawn mowers; children’s motor scooters||K||1|
* If you have a Group 1 licence and you got your licence before 1st January 1997, and have not had your licence renewed since then, you may also be able to drive vehicles in C1 and D1 categories. See DVLA or DVA websites for more information.
By law you don’t need a driving licence to drive any vehicle on private land. However, if your seizures are not well controlled, it could put you or others at risk when you are driving.
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This information was written by Epilepsy Action’s advice and information team, with guidance and input from people living with epilepsy and experts at DVLA.
Epilepsy Action would like to thank Edward Foxell at DVLA for his contribution to this information.
The DVLA has no conflict of interest.
This information has been produced under the terms of The Information Standard.
Updated April 2015To be reviewed April 2018