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Possible entitlements for people in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales.

Possible benefits for epilepsy include the Disability Living Allowance, Personal Independence Payments, Employment and Support Allowance and the Blue Badge.

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Comments: read the 26 comments or add yours


Can I bye a floor alarm for my son as he falls out of bed during a suizure

Submitted by Denise on

Hi Denise

Thank you for your comment. There are many different types of alarms and monitors. Our daily living aids page lists contact details for several organisations that have them. If you talk to some of them, they should be able to advise you on what alarms might be suitable.


Advice & Information Team

Submitted by Sacha-Epilepsy ... on


I have just been diagnosed with temple lobe epilepsy. There is only one main question I have and it's regarding my job.

I am currently off sick from my job as firefighter. I have an appointment with the brigades specialist in three weeks time. But was trying to find out what they are going to say regarding my future.

Can you have epilepsy and still work as an operational firefighter?

Thank you

Submitted by Simon Towler on

Hi Simon

Because you have epilepsy you are covered by the Equality Act. This means that your employer can’t make decisions about you just ‘because you have epilepsy’. They have to make decisions based on your personal circumstances.

So if you continue to have seizures that alter your consciousness, then your employer may decide that being an operational firefighter is not safe enough.

This is the way things should work. Once your employer knows you have epilepsy, they have to do a risk assessment. If any risks are identified, they then need to consider any possible reasonable adjustments.

In your circumstances it may be that they would look at the possibility of something more office based until your seizures are under control.

We have a range of information about work that you might find useful.

If we can be of any more help, please feel free to contact us again, either by email or the Epilepsy Helpline freephone 0808 800 5050.


Advice and Information team

Submitted by Cherry-Epilepsy... on

So, a year after losing his job because of epilepsy, and 6 months after the only financial support he was entitled to, JSA, stopped, my husband gets a job. He had been seizure free throughout, until earlier this week, when he had his first for a year. My husband did not tell his employer he was epileptic, other potential jobs had 'disappeared' when this was mentioned it. Having since confessed to his new employer, he asked his manager: 'Would you have employed me if you knew about the epilepsy?' The answer was 'Yes'. If this is the case, why is my husband now at risk of losing his job? surely if you are prepared to employ epilepsy sufferers, you have safeguards in place? It is really frustrating, particularly has no help or understanding was forthcoming from the Jobcentre when he repeatedly explained that potential employers simply would not entertain the idea of employing him. Does anyone have any advice on what his next step should be, if he is out of work again?

Submitted by Jo on

Hello Jo

Thank you for your question. Work issues can be some of the most difficult for people with epilepsy.

Your husband is covered by the equality laws. But, it depends on the nature of the work as to if his job could be at risk.

If your husband’s epilepsy affects his ability to do his job safely, his employer may be able to dismiss him. Now that they are aware of his epilepsy, your husband’s employers will have to do a risk assessment. This is to see if there are reasonable adjustments that could be made in the workplace, to make it safer for him and his colleagues at work. It could be that with some reasonable adjustments he will be able to continue at his job. To learn more about work and epilepsy, please see our work section.

If you would like to talk about this in more depth, please contact our helpline on 0808 800 5050


Advice & Information Team

Submitted by Sacha-Epilepsy ... on

My dad has been taking AEDs, specifically Tegritol and phenytoin since last 27 years and he is now 61 years old. I have noticed that he has changed considerably with respect to intelligence and cognition. He keeps forgetting things, is always doubtful or unsure, and nervous. The confident and capable man who could manage work under three bosses has now completely lost all confidence in himself. He was seizure free for a period of two years and we decided to consult the neurologist whether we can reduce the dosage of the drugs, and he agreed. Now for the first time in so many years observed some genuine improvement in his mental health. Of course he was still nervous and uncertain, but his response timing to everything were better. His memory improved too. Things went on really well and it gave our family hope that his health was getting better and that my dad may be able to live a normal life even without the medicines.
But then within 6 months he started getting seizures again. It was more frequent and so we consulted the doctor who advised going back to the same dose levels.

Now I read a few articles and found that there is usually a deficiency of some vitamins in the body as a result of side effects of AEDs, vitamins that are essential for a healthy neurological functioning. Is it advisable to start multivitamin supplements for him right away or should i consult his doctor about this?

Submitted by pia on

Hi Pia

Thanks for your message.

I am unsure about whether your father consulted the neurologist before going back on the phenytoin and Tegretol. Going straight  back to the same dose as previously, unless it was an extremely small dose, would not usually be recommended.

It may well be worth your father having a conversation with the neurologist about whether being on both those medicines at those doses, is the best thing for him now. If the neurologist thinks that this arrangement could be changed at all, this could make quite a difference to your father’s short and long term health.

Phenytoin is an older epilepsy medicine which can have a number of long- term side-effects including affecting the balance of various vitamins and minerals in your system. It is advised that someone taking phenytoin gets regular blood tests to check that the levels of phenytoin in the blood stream are still safe.

One of the added issues with the older epilepsy medicines is that there are many things that don’t go well with them. We wouldn’t recommend vitamins unless the doctor had found a clear shortage of them. But it’s important to know that even if you are buying things like vitamins over the counter, we would still advise your father to check with his doctor about whether there is any problem with them.

A particular issue with Tegretol and phenytoin is the possibility of osteoporosis. He may want to talk to his specialist or his GP about this.

I do hope things settle okay for him. But If we can be of any more help, please feel free to contact us again, either by email or the Epilepsy Helpline freephone 0808 800 5050.


Advice and Information Team

Submitted by Cherry-Epilepsy... on

Thank you very much for your invaluable reply!

In my statement "He was seizure free for a period of two years and we decided to consult the neurologist whether we can reduce the dosage of the drugs, and he agreed" - 'he' is the neurologist. That means the doctor advised on reducing the dose after doing a couple of tests. However, since the seizures returned, the doctor recommended we continue with the dose he had earlier. For example : initially he was taking two tablets a day which was reduced to only one per day, by the doctor. After getting seizures again, he was advised to return to the two tablets regime.

Taking your suggestion, I will definitely consult the doctor regarding osteoporosis as well as the vitamins.

Thanks again!

Submitted by pia on

Adhd and Ocd can my family receive from gene. Get from my Epilepsy which was caused from a malformation of growth in my mothers womb. I have had Epilepsy Sez from the age 11 now I am 53 and both of my Grand children have Adhd and Ocd I would never of had children if I thought anything would be passed down no other has epilepsy or diagnosed

Submitted by alisone on

Hi Alison

That sounds like you’re dealing with some difficult thoughts and feelings.

It is possible to inherit ADHD. I have linked you to some information about this.

I don’t know if you or your mother were told of a reason why you developed epilepsy. But there are various ways in which this is possible. Here is all our information about inheriting epilepsy.

I do hope your children and grandchildren are lovely enough for you not to regret too often that you had them. Even when people do pass on their genes, it’s never done deliberately to make life difficult. Hopefully you can also find some lovely things you’ve passed on to them.

It’s easy enough for me to say ’don’t feel bad about this’. But I’m guessing it’s a lot more difficult for you to stop feeling that. Maybe talking to your children about how you feel might help? If not, maybe you could ask your GP if there’s someone you can talk to about how your feeling.

I really hope this information helps you to feel easier in yourself. If we can be of any more help, please feel free to contact us again, either by email or the Epilepsy Helpline freephone 0808 800 5050.


Epilepsy Action Advice and Information Team

Submitted by Cherry, Epileps... on

I was diagnosed with epilepsy when I was 15 years old I'm now 57 I was told it was a disability but I don't get anything for having the illness don't understand why my tablets were controlling me now they are just about I'm waiting to be referred back to the hospital I'm puzzled why I don't ?

Submitted by steven mansell on

Hello Steve

Thanks for your comment. I’m sorry to hear that your seizure control is not as good as it used to be. It’s a good idea to have an epilepsy review with your consultant, so I'm happy you have a new appointment coming up. An individual’s epilepsy can change over time. The frequency and type of seizures you get can change.

There are some benefits that people with epilepsy get. These are free prescriptions, and if you are unable to drive because of your epilepsy, free bus travel. Beyond this, any other benefits depend on you individual daily living requirements.

I hope things start to improve soon.

Kind regards

Epilepsy Action Advice and Information Team

Submitted by Sacha, Epilepsy... on

Hi I'm Evie, I got diagnosed with epilepsy at about 9/10 and I am 17 in a months time. I have been on medication since last year and as far as I know the absences have stopped but I can't be sure I am eager to start driving but obviously know how stupid it would be to take any kind of risk what do I do?

Submitted by EvieRose on

Hi Evie

The driving and epilepsy laws say you have to be seizure free for 12 months in order to apply for your driving licence:  epilepsy.org.uk/info/driving/driving-licences-group-1-rules

Your doctor and the DVLA would need you to be sure you were no longer having absences before you started learning to drive.

I can only suggest that you ask people around you if they think you have had absences over the last 12 months. And then you would just have to give information to the best of your ability.

Hope that helps.

Epilepsy Action Advice and Information Team

Submitted by Cherry, Epileps... on

My Daughter has had partial seizures for the last 5 years and has tried at least 5 medications but none of these control the seizures very well. She does have a underlining problem (a lesion on her left temporal lobe). Does this mean she will never get the seizures under control completely? She has been offered surgery but has declined as she feels too risky. Has anyone else had same problem? Ime a very upset mother as you can imagine.

Submitted by Susan Dickinson on

Hi Susan
It is a really difficult situation when someone has epilepsy which is difficult to control, especially when its someone close to you. Sometimes the partial or focal seizures are more difficult to control, especially when there is a physical cause.

There are more epilepsy medicines though, so it may be that in time she will find the epilepsy medicine that works as well as possible for her. Here is our surgery information in case that’s useful

Meanwhile either or both of you may be interested in our online community, forum4e.This is for people with epilepsy and carers of people with epilepsy. It can be really useful to connect with other people in a similar situation to you.

Also, if you look on our Near me pages you and your daughter may find a coffee and chat group or a local event that you may be interested in.

You may also want to check if there is a Seize Control event near you.

I really hope this information is useful for you and your daughter.

Epilepsy Action Advice and Information Team

Submitted by Cherry, Epileps... on

My father has had epilepsy for 27 years plus. He's been on phenytoin for the full term and has recently been suffering loss of balance, loss of consciousness, shaking hands, exhaustion, a mixture of full and partial fits, extreme headaches and loss of sleep due to night terrors. He has had no episodes of fits or symptoms what so ever other than mild headaches for 25 years. We are attending NHS at the southern general Glasgow and been bounced around the neurology department with loads if tests but no one treating it with the level f concern that it deserves and therefore we are getting no answers! We have also paid for private consultations and again no answers! Can anyone recommend a specialist or some form of help to aid in over coming this problem for us? Everyone we turn to has a lack of interest of presumes this is normal epileptic behaviour but the turn from to no symptoms to a full list is extremely concerning for us as a family!

Thanks in advance.

Submitted by Douglas on

Hi Douglas
Thank you for your question. What you have explained must be so distressing for you and especially your father.

Below are details of epilepsy services in your area in the Glasgow area. There are consultants that specialise in epilepsy as well as epilepsy specialist nurses.

May I just check that your fathers Phenytoin levels have been checked?  A possible explanation for your dad’s symptoms could be side-effects of his Phenytoin. Some people who have being on phenytoin for a long time can develop a build-up of the medicine in their system that leads to an over-dosage of Phenytoin. If the doctors haven’t already look at this possibly, it’s worth asking his doctor if he can have his Phenytoin levels checked.

  • Dr Aline Russell, Clinical Neurophysiology, South Glasgow University Hospital, Consultant, Clinical Neurophysiology Department
  • Dr Andrea Caldwell, Psychiatry, Kirklands Hospital, Consultant, Psychiatry Department
  • Dr Arup Mallik, Clinical Neurophysiology, South Glasgow University Hospital, Consultant, Clinical Neurophysiology Department
  • Dr John Leach, Neurology, South Glasgow University Hospital, Consultant, Neurology Department
  • Professor Martin Brodie, Clinical Pharmacology, Western Infirmary, Consultant, Clinical Pharmacology Department
  • Dr Veronica Leach, Clinical Neurophysiology, South Glasgow University Hospital, Consultant, Clinical Neurophysiology Department
  • Dr John Greene, Neurology, South Glasgow University Hospital, Consultant, Neurology Department
  • Dr Syed Razvi, Neurology, South Glasgow University Hospital, Consultant, Neurology Department

We are also aware of the following epilepsy nurses:

  • Eleanor Arthur, Epilepsy Liaison Nurse, Southern General Hospital, Department Of Neurology, 1345 Govan Road Glasgow G51 4TF
  • Joanne Hill, Sapphire Nurse, Scottish Epilepsy Centre, 20 St Kenneth Drive Glasgow PA11 3SX
  • Kevin Kelly, Epilepsy Nurse Specialist, Epilepsy Unit, Western Infirmary, Dumbarton Road Glasgow G11 6NT
  • Pamela Parker, Epilepsy Nurse Specialist, Epilepsy Unit, Western Unit, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G11 6NT
  • Susan Yule, Epilepsy Liaison Nurse, Southern General Hospital, Department of Neurology, 1345 Govan Road Glasgow G51 4TF

I hope this is of help. If we can be of any more help, please feel free to contact our helpline team directly, either by email helpline@epilepsy.org.uk  or the Epilepsy Action Helpline freephone 0808 800 5050. We are open Monday to Fridays 8.30am until 5.30pm.


Diane Wallace
Epilepsy Action Advice and Information Team

Submitted by Diane, Epilepsy... on

Thanks for your help Diane. His levels have been checked and he was taken off phenytoin but due to then taking a few severe episodes he was represcribed 400mg dose again which is when the symptoms of shaking, loss of balance and weight loss have set in. We have encountered one of the doctors on the list both privately and on the NHS and he was of no help. Thank you for the list we will work down and see if we can find some answers.

Thanks again!

Submitted by Douglas on

Can you die from your 1st major fit. Can epilepsy cause death.

Submitted by Lesley on

Hi Lesley
Thank you for your question

Most of the time, people with epilepsy recover perfectly well after a seizure, but people do die from their epilepsy. In 2013, there were 973 deaths from epilepsy were recorded in England and Wales. Unfortunately people can died in their first seizure. It can also happen in people who had seizures very often, and also in people who did not have them very often.

Some of these people died from sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Others had status epilepticus and did not recover. Some deaths also happened due to a seizure-related accident.



The most effective way to reduce the risk of death due to epilepsy is to have as few seizures as possible. If your seizures are not controlled, it would be a good idea to talk to your doctor. You may also wish to view our information on some ways that you can manage your epilepsy, to try and reduce your seizures.


If you would like to talk to us about this, please feel free to contact the Epilepsy Action Helpline freephone 0808 800 5050. Our helpline is open Monday to Friday, 8.30am until 5.30pm.


Diane Wallace
Epilepsy Action Advice and Information Team


Submitted by Diane, Epilepsy... on

I had a very bad seizure 4 years ago it came totally out of the blue I had been feeling unwell the previous day to of a numb sensation all down one side could hardly walk the next day I thought I had a migraine I refused to go to the GP eventually went and was told if it happened again to go to casualty,not sure how I was meant to go,wasn't classed as enpmergency started slurping my speech and fell of the couch on to the floor lay there for I don't know how long unconscious by this time no recollection at all took 3 further seizures on the way to hospital again passed out apparently had to be shocked and given rectal diazepam no history of seizures only in my mid 40's thought at the time I had had a mini stroke!

Submitted by Linda urquhart on

Dear Linda
That sounds like a really distressing set of experiences. I do hope things have been okay for you since then.

Epilepsy Action Advice and Information Team

Submitted by Cherry, Epileps... on

Mostly but at times it is difficult to now what is going on I am not entirely sure if I have had any more but I suspect I have,I have worked in nursing for many years so I know how varied epilepsy is.i appreciate you support.Linda

Submitted by Linda urquhart on