Free bus travel for people with epilepsy

These pages are about benefits in the UK. If you are looking for information about benefits in another country, please contact your local epilepsy organisation

If you would be refused a driving licence because of your epilepsy, you may be entitled to free bus travel (in England, Scotland and Wales) or half price bus travel (in Northern Ireland). You may also be entitled to free or reduced price bus travel if you get certain benefits. You are not eligible for a bus pass just because you have epilepsy.

England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland

England

If you would be refused a driving licence

If you would be refused a driving licence because of your epilepsy, you are entitled to a disabled person’s bus pass.

If you are on certain benefits

You may also be entitled to a disabled person’s bus pass if you get certain benefits:

  • The higher rate mobility component of Disability Living Allowance
  • Personal Independence Payment with at least 8 points against the ‘Moving Around’ and/or the ‘Communicating Verbally’ activities

How it works

A disabled person’s bus pass can be used for free off-peak travel anywhere in England between 9.30am and 11.00pm Monday to Friday, all day at weekends and Bank Holidays. In some areas, for example Greater London, you can also travel free at other times. You may also get reduced local rail fares in some areas.
If you would not be able to travel without a companion you may be entitled to a pass that allows a companion to travel with you for free too.

How to apply

To apply for a disabled person’s bus pass, contact your local council or your local passenger transport authority. You will need to provide evidence that you are eligible for a disabled person’s bus pass. Check with your local authority what evidence they need. You can find their details in your local phone book, or by entering your post code at gov.uk/apply-for-disabled-bus-pass

Scotland

If you would be refused a driving licence

If you would be refused a driving licence because of your epilepsy, you are entitled to free bus travel with a National Entitlement Card. You only have to be aged 5 or over.You are also entitled to a companion pass if you have a disabled child under the age of 5.

If you are on certain benefits

You may also be entitled to free bus travel with a National Entitlement Card if you, or your child, receive certain benefits including:

  • The higher or middle rate of the care component, or the higher rate of the mobility component of Disability Living Allowance
  • Personal Independence Payment
  • Attendance Allowance
  • Blue Badge

How it works

The National Entitlement Card allows you to travel free on virtually all registered local and long distance bus services in Scotland. You can use it at any time of day. In some areas you may also get free or discounted train travel. If you need a companion to help you use public transport, your National Entitlement Card may allow them free travel too.

How to apply

If you would be refused a driving licence because of seizures in the last 12 months, you need an NCT003 certificate from your local authority. You will need to get it signed by a health professional. The Transport Scotland website has more information on how to apply and what evidence you need to provide.

To apply for a National Entitlement Card contact your local authority. You can find their details in the phone book or on the Transport Scotland website.

Wales

If you would be refused a driving licence

If you would be refused a driving licence because of your epilepsy, you are entitled to a Welsh concessionary travel card.

If you are on certain benefits

You are also entitled to a concessionary travel card if you receive certain benefits, including:

  • The higher rate mobility component of Disability Living Allowance
  • Certain points on the mobility component of Personal Independence Payment. This is 8 or more points under Descriptor 7 (Communicating verbally) or 12 (Moving around), or 12 points under Descriptor 11(Planning or following a journey)

How it works

A concessionary travel card entitles you to free travel on registered local bus services throughout Wales. It can be used at any time of day. If you would be unable to travel without a companion, you may be entitled to a companion card. This allows you to take a companion with you free of charge.

The card also entitles you to free travel on certain train lines in Wales.

You can’t use your Welsh concessionary travel card in England . And you can’t use your English pass in Wales.

How to apply

To apply for a Welsh concessionary travel card contact Transport for Wales. You will need to provide evidence that you are eligible for a concessionary travel card.

You can apply online or you can ask a friend, family member or someone you trust to apply online on your behalf. Online applications take around 15 working days to process. Paper application forms are available to download or you can email your contact details to travelcards@tfw.wales. Paper applications take around 20 days to process.

Advice and support with the application process is also available from your local council and various community organisations. Find out where you can find help in your local area by contacting the help desk at travelcards@tfw.wales or call 0300 303 4240.

Northern Ireland

If you would be refused a driving licence

You are entitled to a Half Fare SmartPass if:

  • You are aged between 17 and 59, and
  • You have been, or would be refused a driving licence because of your epilepsy, or
  • You have had your driving licence revoked because of your epilepsy

If you receive Disability Living Allowance

You are entitled to a Half Fare SmartPass if:

  • You are aged between 16 and 59, and
  • You have been awarded the mobility component of Disability Living Allowance

If you receive Personal Independence Payments

You are entitled to a Half Fare SmartPass if:

  • You are getting the standard or enhanced mobility component of Personal Independence Payment

How it works

The Half Price SmartPass entitles you to half price standard adult fares on scheduled bus and rail services in Northern Ireland.

How to apply

  • In person, from any staffed Translink bus or rail station
  • By telephoning 028 9066 6630
  • By sending an email to smartpass@translink.co.uk You should provide your name and full address, including post code

Epilepsy Action has a list of useful organisations for support with benefits.

If you would like to see this information with references, visit the Advice and Information references section of our website. If you are unable to access the internet, please contact our Epilepsy Action freephone Helpline on 0808 800 5050.

Code: 
F134.07

This information has been produced under the terms of Epilepsy Action's information quality standards.

  • Updated April 2021
    To be reviewed April 2022

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