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of everyone affected by epilepsy

Epileptic seizures explained

In this section


The structure of the brain, why seizures happen, when seizures start, seizure classification.

Seizure types

About focal (partial) seizures and generalised seizures

Focal (partial) seizures:

in the temporal lobes
in the frontal lobes
in the parietal lobes
in the occipital lobes
progressing to generalised seizures

Generalised seizures:

Atonic (drop attacks or akinetic seizures)

Status epilepticus


First aid for seizures

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This resource is freely available as part of Epilepsy Action’s commitment to improving life for all those affected by epilepsy.

On average it costs £414 to produce an advice and information page – if you have valued using this resource, please text FUTURE to 70500 to donate £3 towards the cost of our future work. Terms and conditions. Thank you


Our thanks

Epilepsy Action wishes to thank Dr Mark Manford, consultant neurologist, Addenbrookes Hospital, UK for reviewing this information.  

This information has been produced under the terms of The Information Standard.

  • Updated August 2013
    To be reviewed August 2015

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