We exist to improve the lives
of everyone affected by epilepsy

Can I drive a car or motorcycle?

If you’ve had to stop driving because of seizures, use our tool to find out when you might be able to start driving again.

This tool is intended as a guide only. The driving agency will decide when you can start driving again.

This tool applies to group 1 licences, which allow you to drive cars and motorcycles. If you want to find out about driving on a group 2 (bus and lorry) licence, visit our group 2 rules page.

If you’ve had a seizure and haven’t yet informed the driving agency, visit our page about reporting seizures to the driving agency.

You will need to be seizure free before you can drive.

You are allowed to drive when you have been seizure free for at least 12 months. The 12 month seizure-free period applies from the date of your most recent seizure.

You must also meet the following conditions:

  • As far as you are able, you follow your doctor’s advice about your treatment and check-ups for epilepsy and
  • The driving agency is satisfied that as a driver you are not likely to be a source of danger to the public

Think you meet this driving rule? Then find out how to apply or reapply for a driving licence.

You will need to be seizure free before you can drive.

You are allowed to drive when you have been seizure free for at least 12 months. The 12 month seizure-free period applies from the date of your most recent seizure.

You must also meet the following conditions:

  • As far as you are able, you follow your doctor’s advice about your treatment and check-ups for epilepsy and
  • The driving agency is satisfied that as a driver you are not likely to be a source of danger to the public

Think you meet this driving rule? Then find out how to apply or reapply for a driving licence.

If you only have seizures that don’t affect your consciousness, you might be able to drive even if you continue having seizures.

The driving agency would need to be satisfied that:

  • You remain fully alert and able to react during your seizures and
  • Your seizures don’t affect your ability to control the vehicle and
  • You have been having this type of seizure for at least 12 months and
  • You have never had any other type of seizure

You must also meet the following conditions:

  • As far as you are able, you follow your doctor’s advice about your treatment and check-ups for epilepsy and
  • The driving agency is satisfied that as a driver you are not likely to be a source of danger to the public

Think you meet this driving rule? Then find out how to apply or reapply for a driving licence.

If you have awake and sleep seizures, you can drive when:

  • You’ve been free of both awake and sleep seizures for at least 12 months or

If you stop having awake seizures, but you still have sleep seizures, you can drive when:

  • You’ve been having sleep seizures only for at least 3 years. The 3 years applies from the date of your first sleep seizure after your last awake seizure

You must also meet the following conditions:

  • As far as you are able, you follow your doctor’s advice about your treatment and check-ups for epilepsy and
  • The driving agency is satisfied that as a driver you are not likely to be a source of danger to the public

Think you meet this driving rule? Then find out how to apply or reapply for a driving licence.

If your seizures always start when you’re asleep, you may still be able to drive even if you continue having them. They don’t need to be at night. A seizure that starts during a daytime nap also counts as a sleep seizure.

Before they allow you to drive, the driving agency would need to be satisfied that:

  • You’ve never had an awake seizure and
  • You’ve been having sleep seizures for at least 12 months. The 12 months applies from the date of your first seizure

You must also meet the following conditions:

  • As far as you are able, you follow your doctor’s advice about your treatment and check-ups for epilepsy and
  • The driving agency is satisfied that as a driver you are not likely to be a source of danger to the public

Think you meet this driving rule? Then find out how to apply or reapply for a driving licence.

If you have awake and sleep seizures, you can drive when:

  • You’ve been free of both awake and sleep seizures for at least 12 months or

If you stop having awake seizures, but you still have sleep seizures, you can drive when:

  • You’ve been having sleep seizures only for at least 3 years. The 3 years applies from the date of your first sleep seizure after your last awake seizure

You must also meet the following conditions:

  • As far as you are able, you follow your doctor’s advice about your treatment and check-ups for epilepsy and
  • The driving agency is satisfied that as a driver you are not likely to be a source of danger to the public

Think you meet this driving rule? Then find out how to apply or reapply for a driving licence.

If you’ve had a single seizure, but have been diagnosed with epilepsy, it’s likely the driving agency will say you need to be seizure free for 12 months before you can drive. This is also likely to be the case if you’ve ever had any seizures in the past, even if it was a long time ago.

Think you meet this driving rule? Then find out how to apply or reapply for a driving licence.

If you’ve had a single seizure and not had any others before or since, the driving agency may class it as an isolated seizure. If so, you may be able to drive when:

  • You have been seizure free for at least six months and
  • Your consultant thinks it is unlikely you will have another seizure and
  • The driving agency is satisfied that as a driver you are not likely to be a source of danger to the public

Think you meet this driving rule? Then find out how to apply or reapply for a driving licence.

A provoked seizure is a seizure with a clear cause, which is unlikely to happen again.

The circumstances in which the driving agency will say a seizure is provoked are very limited.

Here are some examples:

  • A seizure at the time of a stroke or mini-stroke, or in the following 24 hours
  • A seizure in the first week following a head injury

If you have had seizures in the past, it is very unlikely that the driving agency will decide your seizure was provoked.

A seizure caused by alcohol, drug misuse or lack of sleep would not be classed as provoked.

If you think you may have had a provoked seizure, you should first talk to your doctor. They can contact a medical adviser at the driving agency to find out more on your behalf. If the driving agency believes your seizure was provoked, they will look at your case individually. Based on a doctor’s advice, the driving agency will tell you when you can start driving again.