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Hints and tips for coping with memory problems

Various methods can be used to help improve your memory. You might use just one method, or two or more together. It is likely to take some time to get used to using the various methods. There may be some ‘trial and error’, until you find the methods that work for you. However, experience has shown that, once you have got used to using them, these methods can work very well. Some of these methods are:

Following a set routine

Following a routine is one of the most important things you can do to improve your memory. Having a routine means you can get used to what to expect, which helps reduce the demands placed on your memory. A lot of people find it useful to make a note of their regular activities in their diary or on the calendar. Also, always doing things at certain times of the day, for example always taking your medicines with breakfast can help some people.

Adapting your surroundings

By making changes to your surroundings you will have less need to use your memory. This can be achieved in a number of ways:

  • Keeping a note pad by the phone to take messages
  • Using a notice board for important information
  • Having a particular place to keep things, such as keys and glasses, and always putting them in the same place
  • Labelling cupboards to remind you what goes in them

Using memory aids

There is a wide range of external memory aids and the most important thing is to choose something that you feel comfortable with. What suits one person may not necessarily suit another. For example, pictures or diagrams may be more useful for people who find reading difficult.

Possible memory aids

  • Diary/calendar    
  • Digital voice recorder or tape recorder
  • Notebook    
  • Lists, for example shopping lists 
  • Alarm clock or timer   
  • Pill reminder box for medicines
  • Mobile phone with alarm
  • Smartphone apps
  • Post-It notes
  • Wall chart or wipe clean memo board 
  • Photo album or memory book

"I have a notebook with different sections, with lists of various things I’m doing or need to buy, and have a daily ‘things to do’ list."


A mnemonic is a verbal or visual aid which helps us to remember information, usually in the form of sayings, rhymes or pictures. For example to remember the colours of the rainbow some people use the rhyme:

Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain
Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet

Some people find visually pairing items can be useful. One such method is known as the peg method. ‘Pegs’ are used to help you to remember a list of items. Each number is given a rhyming visual cue – ‘one - bun, two - shoe, three - tree, four - door and so on. Using this method you would visualise the first thing you want to remember and associate it with a bun. Other people try to remember information in the form of a story they have made up. These are only suggestions of methods you could use. Often the best thing is to be imaginative and make up ones that are personally relevant and work for you.

"When trying to revise I would really struggle, but I found that associating things with stories and pictures would help. I try using mnemonics to help me remember and write loads of things down."

Improving wellbeing

Your emotional wellbeing can have a big impact on your memory. If you feel stressed, anxious or depressed, you may find it harder to concentrate or think clearly. Or you might pay less attention to what is going on around you. This makes it harder for you to remember things later. So taking steps to improve your wellbeing can help. We have more information about wellbeing.

Read our tips for dealing with specific memory problems.


Our thanks

This information has been adapted from the booklet Memory and epilepsy, produced by Epilepsy Action and written by Professor Gus Baker and colleagues at the University of Liverpool. It has been updated by Epilepsy Action’s advice and information team, with input from people living with epilepsy. Download the Memory and epilepsy booklet.

This information has been produced under the terms of The Information Standard.

  • Updated November 2015
    To be reviewed August 2018

Comments: read the 7 comments or add yours


I've memory problems since 2007 and i like your article. (i have seizures epilepsie since 1981. ) i need more help for my problems of memory because since january 2015 i live alone. it's a new difficult for me. thanks
P.S. sorry for my English, i'm french

Submitted by perenes stephanie on

Hi Stephanie
I’m glad you have found our information useful. There are some suggestions as to things that might help, on our web pages. And here is some information about safety.

If you are in France, you may want to contact the French epilepsy association.

I hope that helps.
Epilepsy Action Advice and information Team

Submitted by Cherry, Epileps... on

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Submitted by 米拉奇战记 Miragine ... on

I found some the following infomation useful however I've implemented most coping strategies out of hand. I've had epilepsy since 1983 and now have almost no recollection of my childhood, teens or twentys and my academic memory is terrible it may seem I can spell well when in fact it's all spell check. My point is I have spoken to my doctor and my specialist and nether one has mentioned seeing a psychologist why might this be and how can I find out more about seeing one

Submitted by Stewart on

Hi Stewart

It is possible some doctors don’t automatically offer the assessment because it costs money. And because it is only of limited use. But you could ask your GP or neurologist for a referral for an assessment. This would give you an idea of which areas of memory you are having problems with. Then you could concentrate on the strategies that are most relevant for you. Hope that helps.

Advice and Information Team

Submitted by Jude@epilepsyaction on

I'd never thought of labelling my cupboards: it will save me a LOT of wasted door flipping. I do daft things like wander round my home wondering what I am looking for/doing as by the time I've stood up I have forgotten. I write lists & cross things off as I do them. I can get ready to go out, watch the bus come up the hill, turn round & go back then remember I was going out on it. Some days I'm fine. In the first few years of my epilepsy I'd do things like walk in to the wrong house & not recognise people I knew well. I have to deal with benefits agency & had to see interserve. They treated me like a criminal. They shouldn't be allowed to see people with medical conditions unless they have had specific training in THAT condition.

Submitted by Sam on

I have a question, so I would have a partial seizure somewhere, and I would manage to talk to people, pay for the things I was buying, and get on the bus to go back to uni. But I can't remember doing any of this, so how can I have a fit, and still manage to do those things without remembering it ? Thanks for any answer

Submitted by Africangirl on